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Ge'ez

Overview

Classical Ethiopic (or Ge’ez, as it is called by Ethiopians themselves) was the official language of the Kingdom of Axum, one of the most powerful states of the Late Antiquity situated in the northern part of the Horn of Africa. Somewhere toward the end of the 1st millennium of the Christian Era Ge’ez ceased to function as a spoken language, remaining the language of the (predominantly) Christian literature and the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Church.
Interestingly enough, in today’s Ethiopia and Eritrea there are many people, mainly ecclesiastics who have received traditional education, that are able not only to speak Ge’ez fluently but also to compose texts in this language.